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Faculty

Housed in the New York State College of Ceramics at Alfred University, the Center for Advanced Ceramic Technology (CACT) is home to some of the world’s foremost experts in ceramic engineering, materials science, glass science, and applied industrial research.

Each faculty member who works with the CACT is available to help your company find solutions and gain the knowledge needed to advance to new levels of productivity and profitability.



William B. Carlson PDF Print E-mail

Professor
System Engineering and Product Design

Educational Background
B.S. Architectural Engineering, Penn State University, 1975
M.S. Engineering Science, Penn State University, 1981
Ph.D. Engineering Science and Mechanics, Penn State University 1987

Email: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it
Location: McMahon Building, Room 228A

Research Overview
Study of the mechanics of electroceramic devices e.g. actuators and capacitors.  Computer simulations of PDEs: numerical analysis
Conceptual design of sensors: composite hydrophones.  Study of thermomechanical systems e.g. heat engines and heat pumps (past exp.)

Current and Recent Projects

  • Simulation of the mechanics of Si3N4 materials via closed-form and FEA methods
  • Identification of techniques to improve composite structures. -- Dupont/CACT
  • Numerical methods for simulation of barium titanate MLC -- Ferro (concluding)


Select Publications and Patents
Modeling of the World Oil Production using Sigmoidal Functions-Update 2010, W.B. Carlson, Energy Sources, Part B: Economics, Planning, and Policy, 6: 2, 178-186 (2011).

Formulation of Piezoelectricity and Electrostricity and Electrostriction in 4mm Symmetry Via an Airy Stress Function, W.B. Carlson. Ferroelectrics, Letters Section, 34 (3), 80-83 (2007).



Analysis of World Oil production Based on the Fitting of the Logistic Function and its Derivatives, W.B. Carlson, Energy Sources, Part B: Economics, Planning, and Policy, 2 (4), 421-428 (2007).

Sensitivity of Predicted Oil Production to the Sigmoid Function,W.B. Carlson, Energy Sources, Part B: Economics, Planning, and Policy, 2 (4), 321-327 (2007).



Testing of Piezoresistive Polyurethane-FE304 Composites, W.B. Carlson, S.F Bartkowski, W.A. Schulze, S.M. Pilgrim. Ferroelectrics, 331, 83-88 (2006).

FORMULATION OF ELECTROSTRICTIVE STRESSES IN DIELECTRIC BODIES VIA AN AIRY STRESS FUNCTION, W.B. Carlson and D.E. McCauley. Ferroelectrics, Letters Section, 33 (1-2), 21-24 (2006)

APPROXIMATION OF ELECTROMECHANICAL STRESSES IN MLC CAPACITORS DUE TO INTERNALLY CLAMPED STRAINS, W.B. Carlson and D.E. McCauley. Ferroelectrics, 330 (1), 37-44 (2006).



SOLID FREEFORM ENCAPSULATION OF 1-3-0 PZT COMPOSITES, R. Sun and W. Carlson, Journal of Electroceramics, 8, 139-144, (2002).



GLASS TANK PERFORMANCE CALCULATED UNDER EXTREME MANUFACTURING CONDITIONS, W. Carlson and M. Koyuncu, Glass Researcher, vol. 10/11, 2-1, pp. 44-46,54 (2001).

Composite Hydrophone Devices Coupling Piezoelectricity and Tensegrity, D. Williams, W. Carlson, W. Schulze, S. Pilgrim, Materials Res. Innovations, vol 3 no 4 , pp. 226-230 (2000).

Piezotensegritic Structures for Tranducer Applications, W. Carlson, D. Williams, R. Newnham, Materials Research Innovations, vol 3.,pp.175-178 (1999).



 
William M. Carty PDF Print E-mail

John F. McMahon Professor & Chair of Ceramic Engineering

Educational Background:
B.S. & M.S. Ceramic Engineering, University of Missouri-Rolla, 1985 & 87
Ph.D. Materials Science and Engineering, University of Washington, 1992

Email: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it
Phone: (607) 871-2451
Location: McMahon Building, Room 314
Website: http://cact.alfred.edu

 

Research Overview
My research focuses on traditional and advanced ceramic processing of colloidal and nanoscale powders, the connection of processing to phase evolution and microstructure, grain boundary tailoring, and physical properties of sintered ceramics.  Our work in ceramic processing has resulted in significant improvements in the understanding of ceramic forming operations and defect elimination, microstructure control, and dramatic efficiencies in commercial glass melting.  In recent years we have extended our research to address non-aqueous ceramic processing and developed rules that describe metastable grain boundary chemistry

Current and Recent Projects

  • Colloidal Processing in Non-Aqueous Media, Ph.D. thesis, internally funded (2008-2011).
  • Application of the Glass Formation Boundary Concept for Predicting Grain Boundary Chemistry in Sintered Systems, Ph.D. thesis, internally funded (2007-2010).
  • Dispersion of Diamond for Sintering Applications, Industrial Funding, 2009.
  • Effect of Selective Batching on Fining Operations in Float Glass, CEER-EPA (2007-8).
  • Emissions Reduction of Commercial Glassmaking Using Selective Batching, CEER-EPA, (2006-7).
  • Robust, spectrally selective ceramic coatings for recycled solar power tubes, CEER-EPA, (2005-6).


Selected Publications and Patents

K. DeCarlo, T. Lam, and W. Carty, “Dissolution of Alumina in Silicate Glasses and the Glass Formation Boundary,” Advances in Ceramics, Sintering 2008 Proceedings, Amer. Ceramic Soc., accepted for publication. 

W. Carty, H. Lee, E. Reeves, P. Ormond, R. Mauzy, “The Development of an Improved Shell for Investment Casting Applications,” Trans. Amer. Foundry Soc., 113th Annual Metalcasting Congress, American Foundry Society.  (ISBN Print = 978-0-87433-340-4; ISBN CD = 978-0-87433-341-1; 2009)

H. Brown-Shaklee, D. Edwards, and W. Carty, “Spectral Selectivity of Composite Enamel Coatings on 321 Stainless Steel,” Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, SOLMAT4759 Elsevier, 2009.

W. Carty, U. Kim, and C. Sinton, “Selective Batching for Improved Commercial Glass Melting,” Glass Researcher, Amer. Ceramic Soc. Bull., 83 [10], 28-32 (2004). 

W. Carty, “Selective Glass Batching Methods for Improving Melt Efficiency and Reducing Gross Segregation of Glass Batch Components,” U.S. Patent 7,260,960, (Aug. 28, 2007).

W. Carty, “Method for Determining the Thermal Expansion Coefficient of Ceramic Bodies and Glazes,” U.S. Patent 7,722,246 B1 (May 25, 2010). 

W. Carty, “Controlled Distribution of Nano-Scale Sintering Dopants,” Patent Application: U.S. 2008/0193318 (Aug. 14, 2008).

 
Alexis G. Clare PDF Print E-mail

Professor of Glass Science
School of Engineering Glass Program Chair


Educational Background:
B.S. Chemical Physics, University of Reading UK, 1981
Ph.D. Physics, University of reading UK, 1986

Email: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it
Phone: (607) 871-2368
Location: Hall of Glass Science and Eng., Room 206
Website: http://cact.alfred.edu

Research Overview
My group is interested in engineering the composition of glass for specific applications.  Among our current projects are growing copper oxide nano-crystalline films from glass melts heavily doped with copper. These films have potential application as solar cell materials.  We are also looking at new material architectures for nuclear fission reactors to prevent melting of fuel rods.  We are also looking at inorganic/organic composites for dye sensitized solar cells.  We are generally interested in making any new and unusual glasses for designed optical, magnetic, and even biological responses.

Current and Recent Projects

  • Structural orientation in Borate containing Glass Fibers
  • Novel Optical Glasses for instrumentation
  • Analysis of oxygen diffusion in display glass melts
  • Analysis of attachment to glazes using chemical force microscopy
  • Semiconducting oxide films on glass
  • Heat capacity of amorphous metals
  • Glass Phosphors for White Light Emitting LED’s


Select Publications and Patents

Hall M.M. Clare A.G., Effect of Excess Methanol on the Morphology of Sonogel-Derived Silica Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology 41(2)(2007)

Wheaton B.R.Clare A.G.Evaluation of phase separation in glasses with the use of atomic force microscopy Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids 353 ( 52-54) (2007) 4613-4848

Clare A.G. Materials processing handbook (2007) CRC Press By Joanna R. Groza, James F. Shackelford, Enrique J. Lavernia, Michael T. Powers 23. Glass Processing

Clare A.G. Wing D Kucuk A. Jones L.E. Density and Surface Tension of Borate Containing Glass MeltsGlassTechnol44(2) 59-62 (2003)

Clare A.G. King W.A. LaCourse W.C.  Forming Behavior and the Structure of Glasses GlasstechnischeBer. Glass Sci. Technol77C (2004) 61-73

WING D. CLARE A.G. JONES L.E.Effects of Redox State and Atmosphere on the Surface Tension of Iron-Containing Soda Lime Silicates Glass Science and Technology 78 117-124. (2005)

Hall M.M. Clare A.G.  Influence of Glass Dissolution Products on the Detection of Proteins by Silver StainingJournal of Biomedical Materials Research Part B  75B 435-441 (2005)

Zheng Y. Clare A.G. Rare Earth Doped Glasses for Conversion of Near Ultraviolet Light to White Light Physics and Chemistry of Glasses. Vol 46, no. 4, pp 467-471.2005

 
Alastair N. Cormack PDF Print E-mail

Van Derck Fréchette
Professor of Ceramic Science


Educational Background:

M.A. University of Cambridge
M.Sc., Ph.D., University of Wales, Aberystwyth

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Phone: (607) 871-2304
Location: McMahon Building, Room 132
Website: http://cact.alfred.edu

Research Overview

We use atomistic computer simulations to tackle problems in inorganic solid state chemistry.   Two major themes are (i) the structure and reactivity of silicate glasses and
(ii) non-stoichiometry and defect structure in crystalline materials.   In both themes, the interplay between nano scale structure and chemistry is explored, using both classical and quantum mechanical techniques,
as appropriate.

Current and Recent Projects

  • Reactivity of water in silicate glasses
  • Simulation of bioactive glasses
  • Modelling the mechanical properties of silicate glasses and glass fibers
  • Nano-scale domains and defect structures in Sc-doped zirconia and Gd-doped ceria
  • Simulation of ceria nanoparticles


Select Publications
“Atomistic Simulation of B-type - Fluorite Structural Relationship and B-type Large Defect Clusters in Gadolinia Doped Ceria”, B. Wang, R. J. Lewis and A. N. Cormack, Solid State Ionics, 182 8-12 (2011)

“Surface Signatures of bioactivity: MD simulations of 45S and 65S Silicate Glasses”, A. Tilocca, and A. N. Cormack, Langmuir, 26, 545–551 (2010)

“Modelling the water-bioglass interface by ab-initio molecular dynamics” Tilocca, A., and Cormack, A. N., ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces, 1, 1324, (2009).

“Exploring the Surface of Bioactive Glasses: Water Adsorption and Reactivity”,  A. Tilocca and A. N. Cormack, J. Phys. Chem. C, 112 (31), 11936-11945, (2008)

“Molecular dynamics studies of stress-strain behavior of silica glass under a tensile load”, A. Pedone, G. Malavasi, M. C. Menziani, U. Segre and A. N. Cormack, Chemistry of Materials 20 [13] 4356-4366 (2008)

 
Doreen D. Edwards PDF Print E-mail

Dean, School of Engineering
Professor of Materials Science and Eng.


Educational Background:
B.S. Chemistry, SD School of Mines and Technology, 1985
Ph.D. Materials Science and Engineering, Northwestern University, 1997

Email: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it
Phone: (607) 871-2422
Location: Binns Merrill Hall, Room 115
Website: http://cact.alfred.edu


Research Overview
Edwards' research group is interested in oxides for electronic, optical, energy, and environmental applications.  Projects range from basic research to process development. Basic science projects focus on designing and discovering new oxides and investigating how crystal structure and defect chemistry affect their electrical, optical, and catalytic properties.  Applied projects involve developing thick-film and solution-based thin-film processes for making devices.

Current and Recent Projects

  • Electrical characterization of oxide materials for high-temperature thermoelectrics, DOE & NSF SBIR programs (2010-2012)
  • Electrical characterization of SOFC cathode materials, industrial sponsor (2010-2012)
  • Transport phenomena in trivalent-ion tungstates, NSF-DMR, Materials World Network program (2006-10)
  • Tunneled Titanate Photocatalysts,  Center for Energy and Environmental Research (2006-2008)
  • Ion Transport in Beta-gallia Rutile Intergrowths, National Science Foundation (2002-2006)
  • Robust, spectrally selective ceramic coatings for recycled solar power tubes (2005-6)

Select Publications and Patents
J-I. Jung, S. T. Misture, and D. D. Edwards, "Oxygen stoichiometry, electrical conductivity and thermopower measurements of BSCF (Ba0.5Sr0.5CoxFe1-xO3-d, 0<x<0.8) in air," Solid State Ionics 181 1287-1293 (2010)

E. Asenath-Smith, I. N. Lokuhewa, S. T. Misture, and D. D. Edwards, "P-type thermoelectric properties of the oxygen-deficient perovskite Ca2Fe2O5 in the brownmillerite structure," J. Solid State Chem. 183 (7), 1670-1677 (2010)

H.J. Brown-Shaklee, W. Carty, and D. D. Edwards, "Spectral selectivity of composite enamel coatings on 321 stainless steel," Solar Energy Materials and  J Solar Cells, 93 (8) 1404-1410 (2009)

N. H. Empie and D. D. Edwards, “Phase Stability and Structure of Alkali Doped Beta-gallia Rutile  Intergrowths,” Solid State Ionics 177 [1-2] 77-87 (2006)  

N. H. Empie and D. D. Edwards, “Interaction of DNA with nano-structured beta-gallia-rutile surface,” Ceramic Transactions 172 213-220 (2006)

L. Jaromin and D. D. Edwards, “Subsolidus Phase Relations in the Ga2O3-Al2O3-TiO2 System,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 88 [9] 2573-2577 (2005)

 
Jinghon Fan PDF Print E-mail

Professor

Mechanical Engineering

 

Educational Background

B.S. (Equivalent) Applied Mechanics and Mathematics, Shanghai Fu Dan University, 1979

B.S. (Equivalent) Design and Manufacturing, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 1979

M.S. Applied Mechanics, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH, 1982

Ph.D. Applied Mechanics, Shanghai Fu Dan University, 1979

 

Email: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Phone: 607-871-3781

Location: Engineering Lab

Website: http://cact.alfred.edu

 

Research Overview

Composite and smart materials
Across micro/macro scale analysis of mechanics of materials
Light-weight cost-effective alloys
Nonlinear Finite Element Analysis
Microstructure-based Fatigue Analysis
Fatigue defect sensitivity analysis
Fracture and damage mechanics
Nonlinear continuum mechanics

 

 

 
Ehsan Ghotbi PDF Print E-mail

Assistant Professor of Mechanical Engineering

 

Educational Background

B.S., Mechanical Engineering, Amirkabir University (Polytechnic of Tehran), 2003

M.S. & Ph.D., Mechanical Engineering, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, 2009 & 2012

Email: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Location: Seidlin Hall

 

Research Overview

My research interests include design optimization, game-based design, multi-level optimization and system optimization especially in electricity systems. I am going to consider and integration of policy, economic and environmental concerns for clear electricity. The electricity sector is responsible for 40 percent of U.S. carbon dioxide emission. The Obama administration calls for 80 percent clean electricity by 2035 (which is currently 40 percent). This makes a conflict between objective function of policy make, which is emission mitigation as well as cost minimization, and industry, which is cost. The modeling of interaction between policy maker and industry would be a multi level optimization problem. This provides better insight for policy making. A hybrid power systems (HPS)is an example for electricity system. Te optimal sizing of this system might e an issue. One question might be how different energy policies will affect on the aforementioned optimal sizing planning of HPS.

 

Publications

Ghotbi E., A. Dhingra."A Bi-Level Game Theoretic Approach to Optimum Design of Flywheels", Accepted for publication in Journal of Engineering Optimization, Jul 2011.

Ghotbi E., Wilkistar A. Otieno., and A. Dhingra." A Sensitivity Based Approach to Determining Non-Cooperative Solutions in Nash and Stackelberg Games", Accepted to ASME Journal of Mechanical Design.

Ghotbi E., A. Dhingra." Optimum Design Of High-Speed 4-Bar Mechanisms Using A Bi-Level Game Theoretic Approach" ,ASME 2012 International Mechanical Engineering Congress & Exposition.

Ghotbi E., A. Dhingra." Game Theory Approach for Design of High Speed Mechanism", Under preparation for submission. Under preparation for submission to Journal of Mechanism and Machine Theory

Ghotbi E., A. Dhingra." A Cooperative Game Approach for a Decentralized Multi Level Design problem", Under preparation for submission.

Arjumand A., Ghotbi E., Wilkistar A. Otieno., and A., Dhingra., "Optimum Placement of Actuators using Stackelberg Game Theory", Under preparation for submission.

Mandie, Goran; Ghotbi, Ehsan; Nasiri, Adel; Oyague, Francisco; Muljadi, Eduard; "Mechanical stress reduction in variable speed wind turbine drivetrains," Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition (ECCE), 2011 IEEE, vol., no., pp.306-312, 17-22 Sept. 2011

 


 

 

 
Herbert Giesche PDF Print E-mail

Assoc. Professor
Ceramic Engineering


Educational Background:
B.S. Chemistry, Gutenberg University, Mainz, Germany, 1983
Ph.D. Chemistry, Gutenberg University, Mainz, Germany, 1987

Email: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it
Phone: (607) 871-2677
Location: McMahon Building, Room 336
Website: http://people.alfred.edu/~giesche/Dr.Giesche.htm


Research Overview
I am interested in ceramic processing with a special emphasis on powder and surface characterization and modification. Most of my research is funded directly by industry. Special research areas include coated powders, microemulsion synthesis techniques, controlled porosity, and microwave sintering.

Current and Recent Projects

  • Synthesis of Coated Powders for Structural and High-temperature Applications, DuPont - CACT
  • Adsorption of Polymers in Mixed Oxide Suspensions and Prediction of Suspension Stability, Cooper Power Ind.
  • Microwave Sintering of Alumina and Zirconia, NYSERDA
  • Characterization of Magnetic Properties in Granular Materials, Xerox
  • Rapid Prototyping, Using a Gelation Process, Matrix

Select Publications and Patents

H. Giesche and E. Matijevic; Preparation, characterization, and sinterability of well defined silica/yttria powders; J. Mater. Sci., 9 [2] 436-50 (1994)

H. Giesche; Synthesis of monodispersed silica powders. I. particle properties and reaction kinetics&  II. controlled growth reaction and continuous production process;  J. Europ. Ceram. Soc., 14, 189-204 &  205-214 (1994)

Herbert Giesche; Preparation and Applications of Coated Powders in Ceramics and Related Fields ; J. Dispersion Science and Technology, 19 [2&3], 249-65 (1998)

Doruk O. Yener and Herbert Giesche; Synthesis  of Pure and Manganese-, Nickel-, and Zink-Doped Ferrite Particles in Water-in-Oil Microemulsions; J. Amer. Ceramic Soc., 84 [9], 1987-95, (2001)

Herbert Giesche; Mercury Porosimetry; Chapter 2.7 pp. 309-51 in Handbook of Porous Materials eds. F. Schüth and K.S.W. Sing, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim (2002)

S. Manickavasagam, C. Saltiel, Herbert Giesche; Characterization of colloidal hematite particle shape and dispersion behavior; J. Colloid & Interface Science, 280, 417-30 (2004)

 
David W. Lipke PDF Print E-mail

Assistant Professor of Materials Science and Engineering

Educational Background:

B.S., Engineering, Harvey Mudd College, 2005
Ph.D., Materials Science and Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, 2011

Email: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Phone: 607-871-2729

Location: Binns-Merrill Hall 115

Research Overview

High temperature materials development is critically important for many sectors of economic importance, including aerospace, chemical, defense and energy industries. My research sees to improve material thermo-mechanical behavior and physicochemical properties via advanced compositional and micro-structural design. I have laboratory experience with the following:

  • Ultra-high temperature oxidation,
  • Refractory replicas from carbon templates,
  • Net-shape meta-ceramic composites,
  • Internal reduction of non-oxide solid solutions,
  • High temperature oxidation,
  • Reaction processing of high temperature composites, and
  • A refluxing solar fuel reactor.

Peer-Reviewed Publications

D.W. Lipke and K.H. Sandhage. Intragranular Nanocomposites via Internal Reduction of Carbide Solid Solutions. In Press: ECS Transactions 2013.

D.W. Lipke, Y. Zhang, Y. Cai, and K.H. Sandhage. Intragranular Tungsten/Zirconium Carbide Nanocomposites via a Selective Liquid/Solid Displacement Reaction. J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 2012; 95: 2769-2772.

D.W. Lipke, Y. Zhang, Y. Liu, B.C. Church, and K.H. Sandhage. Near Net-Shape/Net-Dimension ZrC/W-based Composites with Complex Geometries via Rapid Prototyping and Displacive Compensation of Porosity. J. Euro. Ceram. Soc. 2010; 30: 2265-2277.

Y. Liu, D.W. Lipke, Y. Zhang, and K.H. Sandhage. The Kinetics of Incongruent Reduction of Tungsten Carbide via Reaction with a Hafnium-Copper Melt. Acta Mater. 2009; 57: 3924-3931.

 


 

 
Scott T. Misture PDF Print E-mail

Inamori Professor
Materials Science and Engineering
MSE Undergraduate Program Chair


Educational Background:

B.S.  Ceramic Engineering, Alfred University, 1990
Ph.D.  Ceramic Science Alfred University, 1994

Email: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it
Phone: (607) 871-2438
Location: Binns Merrill, Room 115
Website: http://cact.alfred.edu

Research Overview
Misture’s group studies the dynamic behavior of oxide ceramics and glasses related to energy conversion devices.  Projects generally rely on detailed in-situ characterization using X-rays and neutrons to understand the relationships between structure and properties. Our recent work has focused on the effects of oxygen partial pressure and humidity on structure, phase stability, and conductivity.  Naturally, some projects involve the engineering challenges of multiphase materials.

Current and Recent Projects

  • National Science Foundation:  “Next Generation SOFC Composite Anodes”
  • National Science Foundation: “Experimental and computational study of local cation environments in oxide photocatalysts”
  • Center for Environmental and Energy Research: “Nanoscale layered photocatalysts”
  • U.S. Department of Energy: “Glass sealants for use in energy-efficient fuel cells and lamps”
  • National Science Foundation:  “CAREER: Oxygen ion conduction in layered ceramics”

Select Publications and Patents
M.E. Miller and S.T Misture, “Idealizing γ -Al2O3: In-situ determination of non-stoichiometric spinel defect structure” J. Physical Chem. C, 114(30), 13039-13046 (2010).

E. Asenath-Smith, I. N. Lokuhewa, S.T. Misture, and D.D. Edwards, “P-type thermoelectric properties of the oxygen-deficient perovskite Ca2Fe2O5 in the brownmillerite structure,” J. Solid State Chem. 183, 1670–1677 (2010).

J. Ovenstone, J.S. White, and S.T. Mis-ture, “Phase Transitions and Phase De-composition of La1-xSrxCoO3-x in Low Oxygen Partial Pressures,” J. Power Sources 181, 56-61 (2008).

J. Ovenstone, J-I. Jung, J.S. White, D.D. Edwards, and S.T. Misture, “Phase sta-bility of Ba0.5Sr0.5Fe1-xCoxO3-x (BSCF) in low oxygen partial pressures,” Journal of Solid State Chemistry, 181, 576–586 (2008).

S.T. Misture, “In-situ x-ray diffraction studies of electroceramics,” J. Elec-troceramics, 16, 167 (2006).

M.S. Haluska, R.L. Snyder, K.H. Sandhage, and S.T. Misture, “A closed, heated reaction chamber design for dy-namic high-temperature  x-ray diffraction analyses of gas/solid displacement reac-tions,” Rev. Sci. Inst., 76, 126101 (2005).

S.T. Misture, “Large-volume atmos-phere-controlled diffraction furnace,” Meas. Sci. Tech. 14, 1091-1098 (2003).

 
Steven M. Pilgrim PDF Print E-mail

Professor
Materials Science and Engineering


Educational Background:

B.S. Polymer Science, The PA State University, 1983
Ph.D. Solid State Science, The PA State University, 1987

Email: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it
Phone: (607) 871-2431
Location: McMahon Building, Room 226
Website: http://cact.alfred.edu


Research Overview

My group emphasizes electronic ceramics and composites for electrical, electronic, electromechanical applications.  Many of the ceramics are ferroelectric perovskiteswith significant uses in sensors, actuators, and capacitors.  Primary efforts are in : proof of principle, aid to industry, new materials development, and waste reduction.  Unique aspects of our work involve extreme environments -- to 4K and above 300°C for electronic use and in situ integrated characterization of properties under actual working conditions.

Current and Recent Projects

  • Defibrillator Materials --corporate sponsored 2004-2007
  • Reuse of Lead-containing Dielectric Material--corporate sponsored 2004-2006
  • Actuators for Space Applications--various 2000-2004
  • Harmonic Analysis of Electromechanical Response
  • various 1998-2007

Select Publications and Patents
S. Srilomsak, W.A. Schulze, S.M. Pilgrim, and F. A. Williams Jr., “Harmonic analysis of polarization hysteresis of aged PZTs,” J. American Ceramic Society,  88, [8] 2121-2125 (2005).

Y.S. Cho, C,H, Yang, and S.M. Pilgrim, “Effects of chemical additives on high-field electromechanical properties of PMN–PT–BT ceramics,” Ceramics International, 31 [8] 1025-1029 (2005).

S.M. Pilgrim, “Materials and Design Issues for Cryogenic-use Multilayers,” Morphotropic Phase Boundary Perovskite, High Strain Piezoelectrics, and Dielectric Ceramics: Ceramic Transactions, Vol 136, 555-566, American Ceramic Society, Westerville OH, 2003.

C.B. DiAntonio, F.A. Williams Jr., S.M. Pilgrim, and W.A. Schulze, “Fourier Harmonic Analysis of the Electromechanical Response of Electroactive Materials,” Morphotropic Phase Boundary Perovskite, High Strain Piezoelectrics, and Dielectric Ceramics: Ceramic Transactions Vol 136, 75-84, American Ceramic Society, Westerville OH, 2003.

C.B. DiAntonio, F.A. Williams Jr., S.M. Pilgrim, and W.A. Schulze, “Application of Fourier Analysis to the Electromechanical Response of an Electroactive Material,” J. Appl. Phys., 92 [7] 3908-3916 (2002).

 
S. K. Sundaram PDF Print E-mail

Inamori Professor
Materials Science and Engineering


Educational Background:
Ph. D.  Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, 1994
M.Tech.    Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, India, 1986   
A. I. I. Ceram. Indian Institute of Ceramics, Calcutta, India, 1983   

Email: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it
Phone: (607) 871-2789
Location: HOGS, Room B1
Website: http://cact.alfred.edu

Research Overview

The Sundaram group is interested in Fundamental research and technology development, which involve photon-matter interplay that covers a broad range (visible to THz) of frequencies in the electromagnetic spectrum.  This includes research, development, design, and demonstration of passive as well as active optical materials, components, devices, and technologies.  It is interdisciplinary research cutting across physics, optics, chemistry, biology, and materials science and engineering.

Current and Recent Projects

  • Mechanical properties of PMT glasses for Neutrino research, Brookhaven national laboratory, DOE
  • Sulfur solubility and crystal formation in simulated nuclear waste glasses, Savannah River National Laboratory
  • Terahertz properties of materials
  • Ultrafast modification of materials
  • Live-cell FTIR spectroscopy

Select Publications and Patents
S. K. Sundaram, C. H. HenagerJr, D. J. Edwards, A. L. Schemer-Kohrn, M. Bliss, and B. R. Riley, "Electron backscatter diffraction analysis of a CZT growth tip from a vertical gradient freeze furnace," Journal of Crystal Growth, in press (available online) (2011) [http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcrysgro.2011.02.008].

R. Golovchak, O. Shpotyuk, A. Kozdras, B. J. Riley, S. K. Sundaram, and J. S. McCloy, "Radiation effects in physical aging of binary As-S and As-Se glasses," Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry, 103 [1] 213-8 (2011) [http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10973-010-0876-8].

S. K. Sundaram, C. H. HenagerJr, D. J. Edwards, A. L. Schemer-Kohrn, M. Bliss, B. R. Riley, M. B. Toloczko, and K. G. Lynn, "Hierarchical microstructures in CZT," Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment (available online) (2011) [http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nima.2010.09.128].

J. S. McCloy, S. K. Sundaram, J. Matyas, and P. P. Woskov, "Simultaneous Measurement of Temperature and Emissivity of Lunar Regolith Simulant using Dual-Channel Millimeter-Wave Radiometry." Review of Scientific Instruments, 82(5), 054703 (2011).  doi:10.1063/1.3590016

J. S. Chun, J. S. McCloy, J. V. Crum, and S. K. Sundaram, "Millimeter Wave Rheometry: Theory and Experiment." RheologicaActa, 50(2), 125-130 (2011). doi:10.1007/s00397-010-0522-1.

J. S. McCloy, B. J. Riley, S. K. Sundaram, H. A. Qiao, J. V. Crum, and B. R. Johnson, "Structure-optical property correlations of arsenic sulfide glasses in visible, infrared, and sub-millimeter regions," Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, 356[25-27], 1288-93 (2010) [10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2010.04.018].

 
Jianxin Tang PDF Print E-mail

Professor
Electrical Engineering


Educational Background:

B.S. Electrical Engineering, Guangxi University, 1976
M.S Electrical Engineering, The University of Bridgeport, 1984
PH.D Electrical Engineering, The University of Connecticut, 1989

Email: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it
Phone: (607) 871-2467
Location: Seidlin Annex, Room 216
Web: http://cact.alfred.edu

Research Overview
Digital signal processing with applications to real-time digital filtering, communication, and control.
Power system generation scheduling.
Large scale system optimization and optimal control.

Current and Recent Projects

  • "Digital Signal Processing with Applications to Control and Communication Systems", National Science Foundation.
  • "Magnetic Levitation Using Digital Signal Processing for Control Engineering Education", National Science Foundation.

Select Publications and Patents
J. Tang, “ACTIVE AND PASSIVE CONTROL SYSTEMS FOR MAGNETIC BEARINGS WITH APPLICATION TO WIND TURBINES”, The 25th International Technical Conference on Circuits/Systems, Computer and Communications (ITC-CSCC 2010), Pattaya, Thailand, July 4-7, 2010.

J. Tang, "Real-Time Adaptive Phase-Lead Controller for Maglev Systems Using Digital Signal Processors",  the World Congress on Engineering 2009, London, UK, July, 2009.

J. Tang, R. Chassaing, "PID Controller Using the TMS320C31 DSK for Real-Time DC Motor Control," Proc. Of the 1999 Texas Instruments DSPSFest, Houston, Texas, August 1999.

J. Tang, "Control of a Magnetic Levitation System Using a Digital Signal Processor as a Phase-Lead Controller", Proc. Of the 6th International Conference on Motion and Vibration Control, August 2002, Saitama, Japan, pp. 1122-1126.

J. Tang, "Parallel Processing for Power System Generation Scheduling with Artificial Neural Networks for Load Forecasting", Proc of the 2005 International Conference on Parallel and Distributed Processing Techniques and Applications, Las Vegas, June 2005,

 
Xingwu Wang PDF Print E-mail

Professor
Electrical Engineering


Educational Background:
B.S. Electrical Eng., Harbin Naval Engineering Institute, 1978
M.S. Physics, Hangzhou University, 1981
Ph.D. Physics, SUNY Buffalo, 1987

Email: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it
Phone: (607) 871-2130
Location: Engineering Lab, Room 218
Website: http://cact.alfred.edu

Research Overview
Main focus is related to thin film coatings.  Coating facility includes:

  1. ion-assisted electron-beam deposition;
  2. pulsed DC, DC and RF sputtering;
  3. RF plasma aerosol mist deposition.

Thin film materials include oxides and nitrides.  Substrate materials are single crystals, ceramics and glass.  Substrate shapes can be flat, cylindrical and wire-like.  

Current and Recent Projects
Nitride and oxide thin films for anti-corrosion applications

  • Ion-assisted electron beam deposition of oxide films.
  • Pulsed DC sputtering of nitride films.
  • RF plasma aerosol mist deposition of oxides.

Select Publications and Patents
U.S. Patents (45 total)
“Magnetic resonance imaging coated assembly,” U.S. Patent No. 7,473,843, January 6, 2009.  (with H. Greenwald, et al.)

“Magnetically shielded assembly,” U.S. Patent No. 7,162,302, January 9, 2007. (with H. Greenwald, et al.)

“Protective assembly,” U.S. Patent No. 6,971,391, December 6, 2005.  (with H. Greenwald, et al.)

“Assembly for utilizing residual battery energy,” U.S. Patent No. 6,914,412, July 5, 2005.  (with R. Fransman)

“Nanomagnetic shielding assembly,” U.S. Patent No. 6,906,256, June 14, 2005. 

“Magnetically shielded conductor,” U.S. Patent No. 6,876,886, April 5, 2005.

Publications (84 total)

“Combinatorial synthesis and characterization of magnetic FexAl1-xNyO1-y thin films,” Thin Solid Films, Vol. 516, Issue 18, 31 July 2008, Pages 6063-6070.  (with Y. Guan, et al.)

“Aluminum oxide and silicon nitride thin films as anti-corrosion layers,” Ceramic Engineering & Science Proceedings, Vol. 31, No. 3, 2010, pp. 123-134. (with C. Qu, et al.)

“Comparison of oxide and nitride thin films - electrochemical impedance measurements and materials properties,” Ceramic Transactions Vol. 214, 2010, pp. 131-146.  (with Y. Liu, et al.)

 
Anthony W. Wren PDF Print E-mail

Assistant Professor

Biomaterials

 

Educational Background

B.Sc. Science - Biology, Exp. Physics, Math. Physics, Mathematics, National University of         Ireland, Maynooth, Ireland, 2003

M.Sc. Biomedical Engineering - Diagnostic Medical Devices, University of Limerick, Ireland,

            2005
Ph.D. Biomedical Materials - Bioactive Bone Cements, University of Limerick, Ireland, 2008

Email: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Phone: (607)871-2183

Location: Binns Merrill Hall 217

Website: http://cact.alfred.edu

 

Current and Recent Projects

 Dextran hydrogels as carriers for bioactive glasses. delivery of Gallium containing glasses for anti-tumor effects.

The effect of thermal treatment on the rheological and mechanical properties and bioactivity of Ti-glass polyalkenoate cemnts.

Sr-doped hydroxyapatite modified with bioactive glass, properties and bioactive effects.

The effect of alternating Na and Sr concentration on the structure of glass-ceramic scaffolds.

 

Research Overview

 

My primary research interests include designing and characterizing novel glasses for use as medical devices. Principal analytical techniques for glass design include X-ray Diffraction (XRD), X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS) and Raman Spectroscopy. Further interests include quantifying ion release from bioactive glasses/materials and their effect on common skin microflorasuch as bacteria (E. coli, S. epidermidis, S. aureus, P. aeruginosa) and yeast (candida albicans) responsible for infection. My research interests also include cytotoxicity testing of biomaterials on mammalian (Mouse L929 Fibroblasts) cells, with the intention to commence testing on both bone and cancer cell lines in the near future. My current research projects include:

 

• Fabrication of Glass/Ceramic Cell Scaffolds for increased bioactivity.

 

• Glass Coatings to increase the antimicrobial response and their subsequent diffusion through soluble and stable Hydrogels/Gels for applications in wound healing.

 

• Bone Cements based on Glass Polyalkenoate Cement chemistry for load bearing applications.

 

• Anti-cancerous Bone Cements and Degradable Bioactive Glasses.

 

Selected Publications

 

Fabrication of CaO-NaO-SiO2/TiO2 scaffolds for surgical applications.A.W. Wren, A. Coughlan, K.E. Smale, S.T. Misture, B.P. Mahon, O.M. Clarkin, M.R. Towler. J. Mat. Sci: Mater. Med. DOI: 10.1007/s10856-012-4746-8 2012.

 

Gallium containing glass polyalkenoate anti-cancerous bone cements:glass characterization and physical properties. J. Mat. Sci: Mater. Med. 23 : 8 1823-1833 2012.

 

Silver coated bioactive glass particles for wound healing applications. A.W. Wren, A. Coughlan, P. Hassanzadeh, M.R. Towler. J. Mat. Sci: Mater. Med. 23: 5 1331-1341 2012.

 

The Structural Role of Titanium in Ca-Sr-Zn-Si/Ti Glasses for Medical Applications. A.W. Wren, A. Kidari, F.R. Laffir, M.R. Towler. J Non-Crys. Solids. 357: 3 1021-1026 2011.

 

The Bioactivity and Ion Release of Titanium-Containing Glass Polyalkenoate Cements for Medical Applications. A.W. Wren, N.M. Cummins, F.R. Laffir, S.P. Hudson, M.R. Towler. J. Mat. Sci: Mater. Med. 22: 19-28 2011.

 

Solgel derived silver incorporated titania thin films on glass: bactericidal and photocatalytic activity. B.A. Akgun, A.W. Wren, C. Durucan, M.R. Towler, N.P. Mellott, J. Sol-Gel Sci. 59: 2 228-238 2011.

 

 

 
Yiquan Wu PDF Print E-mail

Assistant Professor

SOE, Ceramic Engineering

 

Educational Background

B.E. Materials Sciences & Engineering, Wuhan University of Science and Technology, 1994

M.S. Materials Science, Shanghai Institute of Ceramics, University of Science & Technology of             China, 2001

Ph.D. Materials Science, Imperial College London, 2005

Email: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it  

Phone: 607-871-2662

Location: Binns-Merrill 114

Website: http://cact.alfred.edu

 

Research Interests

Advanced Ceramics, Optical Materials, Nanostructured Materials for Energy, Biosolid Materials, Functional Films and Coatings

 

Selected Publications

Zexuan Dong, Yiquan Wu, Qin Wang, Chao Xie, Yanfang Ren, Robert L Clark "Reinforcement of electrospun membranes using nanoscale Al2O3 whiskers for improved tissue scaffolds", Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A, 100 A(4) (2012), 903-910.

 

Supacharee Roddecha, Zexuan Dong, Yiquan Wu, Mitchell Anthamatten "Mechanical properties and ionic conductivity of electrospun quaternary ammonium ionomers", Journal of Membrane Science 389 (2012) 478- 485.

 

Nathan J. Jenness, Yiquan Wu, Robert L. Clark, "Fabrication of three-dimensional electrospun microstructures using phase modulated femtosecond laser pulses", Materials Letters, 66(2012)360-363.

 

Zexuan Dong, Scott J. Kennedy, Yiquan Wu "Electrospinning Materials for Energy-related Applications and Devices", Journal of Power Sources, 196 (2011) 4886-490.

 

Zexuan, Dong, Yiquan Wu, Robert, Clark, "Thermodynamic Modeling and Investigation of the Formation of Electrospun Collagen Fibers", Langmuir, 27 (2011) 12417-12422.

 

Yiquan Wu, Zexuan Dong, Nathan J. Jenness, Robert L. Clark. "In-situ formation of Cu metal crystals within nanostructured ZnO electrospun fibers", Materials Letters 65 (2011) 2683-2685.

 

Yiquan Wu, A.Y. Vorobyev, Robert L Clark, Chunlei Guo, "Femtosecond Laser Machining of Electrospun Membranes", Applied Surface Science, 257(2011) 2432-2435.

 

Yiquan Wu, I-Chien Liao, Scott Kennedy, Jun Wang, Jinzhi Du, Kam Leong, Robert Clark, "Electrosprayed core-shell microspheres for protein delivery", Chemical Communication, 46 (2010) 4743-4745.

 

Yiquan Wu, Zexuan Dong, Scott Wilson, Robert L. Clark, "Template-assisted Assembly of Electrospun Fibers", Polymer, 51 (2010) 3244-3248.

 

Jing Du, Yiquan Wu, K. L. Choy, P. Shipway, "Structure, Properties and Gas Sensing Behavior of Cr2-xTixO3 Films Prepared by Electrostatic Spray Assisted Vapor Deposition", Thin Solid Films, 519 (4) 2010, 1293-1299.

 

Yiquan Wu, Andrew MacKay, Jonathan McDaniel, Ashutosh Chilkoti and Robert L. Clark, "Fabrication of Elastin-Like Polypeptide Nanoparticles for Drug Delivery by Electrospraying", Biomacromolecules, 10(2009) 19-24.

 

Yiquan Wu and Robert L. Clark, "Electrohydrodynamic Processing of Micro- and Nanometer Biomaterials", Handbook of Fabrication and Processing of Biomaterials, CRC Press / Taylor and Francis Group, pp 275-334, 2008.

 

Yiquan Wu and Robert L. Clark, "Electrohydrodynamic Atomization: a Versatile Process for Preparing Materials for Biomedical Applications", Journal of Biomaterials Science: Polymer Edition. 19 (2008) 573-601.

 

Yiquan Wu, Matthew S. Johannes and Robert L. Clark, "AFM-based Voltage Assisted Nanoelectrospinning", Materials Letters, 62 (2008) 699-702.

 

Yiquan Wu, Lisa A. Carnell and Robert L. Clark, "Control of Electrospun Mat Width Through the Use of Parallel Auxiliary Electrodes", Polymer, 48 (2007) 5653-5661.

 

Yiquan Wu and Robert L. Clark, "Controllable Porous Polymer Particles Generated by Electrospraying", Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 310 (2007) 529-535.

 

Yiquan Wu, Jing Du, Kwang-Leong Choy and Larry L. Hench, "Laser Densification of Alumina Powder Beds Generated using Aerosol Assisted Spray Deposition", Journal of the European Ceramics Society, 27(2007)4727-4735.

 

Yiquan Wu and Kwang-Leong Choy, "Solid Freeform Fabrication of Alumina using Laser-Assisted ESAVD", Applied Surface Science, 252 (2006) 4809-4813.

 

Yiquan Wu, Jing Du and Kwang-Leong Choy, "Novel Deposition of Columnar Y3Al5O12 Coatings by Electrostatic Spray Assisted Vapor Deposition", Journal of the American Ceramic Society, 89[1] 385-387 (2006).

 

Jing Du, Yiquan Wu and Kwang-Leong Choy, "Controlled Synthesis of Gas Sensing Cr2-xTixO3 Films by Electrostatic Spray Assisted Vapour Deposition and their Structural Characterization", Thin Solid Films, 497[1-2] 42-47 (2006).

 

Yiquan Wu, Kwang-Leong Choy and Larry L. Hench, "Laser Densification of TiO2 Films Prepared by Aerosol Assisted Vapour Deposition", Applied Surface Science, 247(2005) 378-383.

 

Yiquan Wu, Larry L. Hench, Jing Du, Kwang-Leong Choy and Jingkun Guo "Preparation of Hydroxyapatite Fibers by Electrospinning Technique", Journal of the American Ceramic Society, 87[10] 1988-1991 (2004).

 

Yiquan Wu, Yufeng Zhang, Giuseppe Pezzotti and Jingkun Guo, "Effect of Glass Additions on Strength and Toughness of Polycrystalline Alumina", Journal of the European Ceramics Society, 22 (2002) 159-164.

 

Yiquan Wu, Yufeng Zhang, Giuseppe Pezzotti and Jingkun Guo, "Influence of AlF3 and ZnF2 on the Phase Transformation of Gamma to Alpha Alumina", Materials Letters, 52 (2002) 366-369.

 

Yiquan Wu, Yufeng Zhang, Xiaoxian Huang and Jingkun Guo, "Microstructure Development and Mechanical Properties of Self-Reinforced Alumina with CAS Addition", Journal of the European Ceramics Society, 21 (2001) 581-587.

 

Yiquan Wu, Yufeng Zhang, Xiaoxian Huang and Jingkun Gun, "Preparation of Platelike Nano Alumina Particles", Ceramics International, 27 (2001) 265-268.

 

Yiquan Wu, Yufeng Zhang and JingKun Guo, "Thermodynamic Analysis and Phase Equilibrium for Ti-N-C-O Systems", Chinese Ceramic Society Bulletin, 19[6] (2000) 46-49.

 

Yiquan Wu, Yufeng Zhang, Yawei Li and Jingkun Guo, "New Materials in the Si-Al-O-N Systems for Refractory Industries", Chinese Journal of Refractories, 35[1] (2001) 40-42.

 

Yiquan Wu and Yufeng Zhang, "Preparation of MgAl2O4 Ultrafine Powder", Chinese Journal of Materials Review, 14[4] (2000) 41-43.

 

Yiquan Wu, Yufeng Zhang and Jingkun Guo, "In-situ Growth Whiskers Reinforced Ceramic Composites", Chinese Journal of Materials Review 14 [12] (2000) 20-25.

 

 


Industry Advisors


As a complement, the Center for Advanced Ceramic Technology (CACT) is building a "Team" of Industry Advisors from a broad spectrum of industries experienced in a wide range of industries such as Energy, Healthcare, and Environment.

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NYSTAR


The Center for Advanced Ceramic Technology is sponsored by the New York State Foundation for Science, Technology and Innovation.

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Short Courses


For those interested in increasing their expertise in the field of ceramics and glasses, or those just being introduced, Short Courses are a good option. Designed for professionals in the ceramics and glass industry, these intensive courses offer a chance to update knowledge of the field in a short period of time.  Courses range from detailed, in-depth examinations of very specific topics to broader introductory classes.

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